Detailed view for Panama Canal Expansion Project (Third Set of Locks)

Details
Type
Maritime canal
Country
Panama
Short description

- Navigation channel 218m to 300m wide, minimum depth 16.3m, length 80 km - Existing Panamax locks (before 2015) : two lanes (with 6 locks each), chamber width 33.5m, length 330m, minimum depth 12.8m, miter gates, vessels up to 70,000 dwt assisted with electrical locomotives - New Pospanax locks: a single lane (6 lift locks each) with water saving basins and rolling gates, chamber width 55m, length 458m, minimum depth 18.3m - water head: lift vessels 26m high in three steps to fresh water lake to cross from Pacific to Atlantic Ocean and vice versa

Progress status
In construction phase, started 2007, expected start of operations by 2015
Cost estimation
Expansion Program Total US$ 5250 millions
Third Set of Locks Contract US$ 3200 millions
Owner

Panama Canal Authority (ACP) WebSite

Prime contractor

For the third set of locks
Main Program Manager: ACP/CH2MHill
Main Technical advisor: CPP (Consorcio Pospanamax)

Consortium work

For the third set of locks
Grupo Unidos por el Canal (D&B) Design CICP

Date
04/01/2015
Location

Image

PIANC References for this project

a)

  • INCOM WG106 on Navigation locks(2009)
  • PIANC Report on Locks (1986)
  • PIANC-IAPH Approach Channels a Guide for Design (1997)
  • PIANC-IAPH Standardization of Ships and Inland Waterways for River/Sea Navigation (1996)

b) Many PIANC experts were selected to participate at technical commissions (from Belgium, Netherlands, France, Germany, USA)

c) Have published in many PIANC conferences and participated in seminars

Abstract

One of the world’s greatest engineering achievements, the Panama Canal plays a vital role in world shipping. But even though at the time of their construction the dimensions of the existing locks set the standard that defined the Panamax1 size container ships and bulk carriers, today’s locks are nearing their maximum throughput capacity in spite of all the infrastructure improvements of past decades.

To accommodate growing traffic demand, particularly by containerships in the route between Northeast Asia and ports on the US East Coast, and also to accommodate post-Panamax ships, the Panama Canal has started executing its ambitious expansion plan, which is scheduled for completion by 2014.

The Panama Canal conducted more than 120 studies that were analyzed and integrated into the decision making process to select the most suitable, efficient, effective alternatives that would enable the optimization of the Third Set of Locks Project.

The studies for the Panama Canal Capacity Expansion Program are described in full in the Panama Canal Master Plan 2005-2025 and in the Proposal for the Canal Expansion, approved overwhelmingly by the people of Panama on October 22, 2006 through national referendum.

The Master Plan and summaries of many of the relevant studies can be found at Link. The Panama Canal is the country’s main economic asset.

The Panama Canal Authority (ACP), the agency in charge of administering the waterway, is carrying forward a program to expand the Canal’s throughput capacity to double tonnage capacity. An expanded Canal would be the cornerstone on which the long term sustainability of the national economy would be built, guaranteeing the continuity of its commitment to serve world trade while promoting the development of an international logistics hub in Panama.

Documents to download
  • 0707 - PIANC YP-Com 4BTV Program.pdf - 0707 - PIANC YP-Com 4BTV Program.pdf
  • 0708 - 08.00 Expansion Program process, Ilya de Marotta.pdf - 0708 - 08.00 Expansion Program process, Ilya de Marotta.pdf
  • 0708 - 08.40 Initial Design Leading to Tender, Rigoberto Delgad - 0708 - 08.40 Initial Design Leading to Tender, Rigoberto Delgad
  • 0708 - 09.10 MWH - Panama Canal Expansion-Design of the Third S - 0708 - 09.10 MWH - Panama Canal Expansion-Design of the Third S
  • 0708 - 09.35 The Third Set of Locks-Challenges, Difficulties & - 0708 - 09.35 The Third Set of Locks-Challenges, Difficulties &
  • 0709 - 07.30 A Brief History of Dredging in the Panama Canal, P - 0709 - 07.30 A Brief History of Dredging in the Panama Canal, P
  • 0709 - 08.15 Drilling and Blasting in the Panama Canal - Alvaro - 0709 - 08.15 Drilling and Blasting in the Panama Canal - Alvaro
  • 0709 - 08.45 Dredging Plans, Canal Expansion - Francisco Pelaez - 0709 - 08.45 Dredging Plans, Canal Expansion - Francisco Pelaez
  • 0709 - 10.00 ACP Water Resources Mangement System - Jorge Espin - 0709 - 10.00 ACP Water Resources Mangement System - Jorge Espin
  • 0709 - 11.00 The Geotechnical Engineering in the Panama Canal - - 0709 - 11.00 The Geotechnical Engineering in the Panama Canal -
  • 0709 - IV-Infra, Jeremy Augustijn.pdf - 0709 - IV-Infra, Jeremy Augustijn.pdf
  • 0709 - PIANC YP-Com 4BTV Closure.pdf - 0709 - PIANC YP-Com 4BTV Closure.pdf
  • 0710 - Maersk, Adan Buitrago.pdf - 0710 - Maersk, Adan Buitrago.pdf
  • 0711 - GUPC-JDN Crushing Plant, Matthias Serneels.pdf - 0711 - GUPC-JDN Crushing Plant, Matthias Serneels.pdf
  • 0711 - GUPC-Sacyr E&M, Jos Luis Fernndez.pdf - 0711 - GUPC-Sacyr E&M, Jos Luis Fernndez.pdf
Gallery